As the name indicates, coal activated carbon is derived from carbonaceous raw materials like coal, and the end product has micro-porous, non-graphite carbon form. Activated carbon can be manufactured from coconut shell, which seems to be high in quality when compared to other resources. Regular home filters contain materials that use active carbon for filtering and removing impurities in an effective manner.
Activated carbon features great adsorptive ability and reflects a wide array of dissolved chlorine and organics. You can custom-make activated carbon to fit your particular requirements.
Any organic material with high contents of coal, peat and coconut shells can be used to make this type of carbon. This kind of carbon is also called activated charcoal, a content that makes the end product highly porous. It features big surface area exposed for adsorption and chemical reactions. With high level micro-porosity, one gram of active carbon has a surface area of around 2.17 tennis courts. The surface area is determined by nitrogen gas adsorption.
Advanced chemical treatments can increase the adsorbing elements of the material, however proper activation of relevant applications is accessible from high surface areas only. Thermal decomposition done in a heat furnace can transform the carbon based material into activated carbon. Controlled heat and environment is employed to operate the heat furnace.
The end point residue generally has a big surface area per unit volume to facilitate adsorption as it has large network of submicroscopic pores. The walls of the pores offer needed adsorption to the surface molecules.
Uses of activated carbon
- It is mainly used to remove odors and chemicals that color the water.
- It can remove strong smelling natural gases like hydrogen sulphide from water contents.
- It is capable to remove little volumes of iron, mercury and chelated copper.
- Chlorine from water is absorbed and removed while leaving an aspect called ammonia.
- It can decrease or remove volatile organic chemicals, pesticides, radon, herbicides, benzene and many other compounds and solvents.
During the activation process, a lot of pores, made of molecular dimensions are developed within the structure. The structure can contain a large internal surface that enormously attracts molecules of its surrounding gases and liquids. The whole power of this force is equal to the molecular system of the atmospheric medium. Moreover, this content is a technique that can remove various factors from a given mixture.
These are employed as de-coloring and cleansing agents in a lot of processes because they are capable to absorb 10% to 90% impurities from different Aquarius solutions. Activated carbon works in purification process that involves getting the organic compounds attracted to the activated carbon as the water pass through the filter, and two contents get reaction in form of being chemically bounded to each other.
Pollutants don’t get into the sink or glass as the pores of the filter does not allow big molecules to pass through. Get more information about the forms, process and reason behind activated carbon and its ideas.